By Martha Simons

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Mathematical development

One of the main tasks of preschool education is the mathematical development of the child. It is not just about teaching how to count, measure and solve arithmetic problems. It also implies the development of the ability to see, discover in the world around us properties, relationships, dependencies, and be able to transmit them through signs and symbols.

Even in early childhood, toddlers encounter objects that differ in shape, color and quantity. At this age, basic elementary concepts and abilities of the child begin to form. The first toys resemble geometric shapes: cubes, designers, pyramids. The count starts with mom's questions: "Say, how old are you?" Parents of children learn to name the shapes of toys their size, number.

Through playing activities are formed abilities to distinguish between different properties and features of subjects. The child is formed the first concept of mathematics, although he does not know about it yet and is not aware of it. The child's consciousness in early childhood is chaotic. Parents teach children to compare, group subjects, call them by their own names.

Through visual and subject-related activities, they help the child to remember what he or she has heard based on subject images. Until the age of three, the child already knows how to group subjects by their appearance, color, shape. For example, a child can put green toys away from red toys, choose pencils from a pile of other objects and fold them together, can fold in size, in order of pyramid rings.

Engaging with objects through play activities, the child compares them. With this and begins the first acquaintance with mathematics.

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Last updated: Sunday, April 19th, 2020 - 12:42PM